Measurement of fiber orientation by laser light scattering on dry and rough sawn green hardwoods
TypeCommunications avec actes
Scanner measurements allow knot detection and machine strength grading on sawn timber, which answers the construction and sawmilling industry needs at high production rates. In particular, laser scanners measure fiber orientation by means of the so-called tracheid effect on wood surface where elliptically scattered laser light can be observed. Many studies showed that a red laser scanner is very effective on softwood species like spruce but ineffective on many hardwood species like oak. However, the LaBoMaP has recently developed a fiber orientation scanner, utilizing another kind of laser, effective on hardwood species, especially oak. Other studies showed that measurement quality is better on sanded and planed wood than on rough sawn timber. Besides, the influence of moisture content on tracheid effect is also known. In practice, light ellipses are biggest on fresh wood than on dry wood. In the present work, a method is proposed to measure the intensity of tracheid effect on fresh sawn hardwoods, according to the species, and the error of the fiber orientation measurement is also assessed. To achieve this, clean fresh wood test pieces were first scanned at 0° orientation and ellipse geometrical parameters were compared to that obtained on an isotropic surface. In a second time, test pieces were scanned at different orientations from 0° to 90°. Measurement error was defined as the difference of scanned fiber angle mean on each iteration and test piece orientation between these same iterations. Comparisons of results between species and moisture content will be presented at the conference.
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Assessment of the error of fiber orientation measurement obtained by laser scanning on several European hardwood and softwood species BESSEAU, Benoît; POT, Guillaume; VIGUIER, Joffrey; COLLET, Robert (CompWood 2019 Conference, 2019)Scanner measurements allow knot detection and machine strength grading on sawn timber. In particular, laser scanners measure fiber orientation by means of the so-called tracheid effect explained by the fact that the wood ...
VIGUIER, Joffrey; JEHL, Arnaud; COLLET, Robert; BLERON, Laurent; MERIAUDEAU, Fabrice (Taylor & Francis, 2015)Timber strength grading has become a major issue in the European Union during the last years, due to the introduction of the Eurocode 5 and all its related standards. Currently, the most performing strength ...
An innovative method based on grain angle measurement to sort veneer and predict mechanical properties of beech laminated veneer lumber VIGUIER, Joffrey; BOURGEAY, Christophe; ROHUMAA, Anti; POT, Guillaume; DENAUD, Louis (Elsevier, 2018)This study proposes an innovative model based on local grain angle measurements to predict the modulus of elasticity of LVL made from beech. It includes a veneers sorting method industrially compatible thanks to its low ...
Modelling mechanical properties of spruce and Douglas fir timber by means of X-ray and grain angle measurements for strength grading purpose VIGUIER, Joffrey; BOURREAU, Damien; BOCQUET, Jean-François; POT, Guillaume; BLERON, Laurent; LANVIN, Jean-Denis (Springer, 2017)This study proposes a model using data from a scanner (X-ray and grain angle measurements) to perform strength grading. The research also includes global measurements of modulus of elasticity (obtained by vibrations and ...
Performance of strength grading methods based on fibre orientation and axial resonance frequency applied to Norway spruce (Picea abies L.), Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) and European oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl./Quercus robur L.) OLSSON, Anders; POT, Guillaume; VIGUIER, Joffrey; FAYDI, Younes; OSCARSSON, Jan (Springer Nature, 2018)Key message Machine strength grading of sawn timber is an important value adding process for the sawmilling industry. By utilizing data of local fibre orientation on timber surfaces, obtained from laser scanning, more ...