Estimation of spinal joint centers from external back profile and anatomical landmarks
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
Defining a subject-specific model of the human body is required for motion analysis in many fields, such as in ergonomics and clinical applications. However, locating internal joint centers from external characteristics of the body still remains a challenging issue, in particular for the spine. Current methods mostly require a set of rarely accessible (3D back or trunk surface) or operator dependent inputs (large number of palpated landmarks and landmarks-based anthropometrics). Therefore, there is a need to provide an alternative way to estimate joint centers only using a limited number of easily palpable landmarks and the external back profile. Two methods were proposed to predict the spinal joint centers: one using only 6 anatomical landmarks (ALs) (2 PSIS, T8, C7, IJ and PX) and one using both 6 ALs and the external back profile. Regressions were established using the X-ray based 3D reconstructions of 80 subjects and evaluated on 13 additional subjects of variable anthropometry. The predicted location of joint centers showed an average error 9.7 mm (±5.0) in the sagittal plane for all joints when using the external back profile. Similar results were obtained without using the external back profile, 9.5 mm (±5.0). Compared to other existing methods, the proposed methods offered a more accurate prediction with a smaller number of palpated points. Additional methods have to be developed for considering postures other than standing, such as a sitting position.
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