Modelling wooden cultural heritage. The need to consider each artefact as unique as illustrated by the Cannone violin
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
This research work investigates the possibility to use a hygroscopic model based on Fick’s law to predict the global moisture content variations an historical violin undergoes during a concert. To set up the model to work some input are required such as: the object geometries, the wood species used, the thicknesses, the moisture diffusion coefficients, the permeability of varnished surfaces, the anhydrous masses of the moisture exchanging parts, the sorption isotherms, information often far from being available or measurable. At a first extent, the model was run on the environmental conditions recorded during nine concerts played with the “Cannone” violin (1743) and the computed mass variations compared with the mass variations recorded during the same concerts. The model, set with simplifying conditions and with diffusion coefficients from literature, has shown a very little predictive capacity. On the other hand, the model was tuned on the experimental data using an inverse procedure for moisture diffusion coefficient identification. After the tuning the model has shown a very good predictive ability showing how Fick’s low can be profitably used to assess the mass transfer in a complex heritage object such as a violin. This paper highlights the possibility to successfully use the Fick’s law to model mass transfer in a violin but also makes evident how such models must be tuned with real measurements in order to be effective.
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