Biomechanical Evaluation of Intercostal Muscles in Healthy Children and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
Spine deformity during adolescent idiopathic scoliosis can induce a rib-cage deformity. This bone deformity can have direct consequences on the chest-wall muscles, including intercostal muscles, leading to respiratory impairments in individuals with severe cases. The aim of this study was to determine whether shear-wave elastography can be used to measure intercostal-muscle shear-wave speed (SWS) in healthy children and those with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Nineteen healthy participants and 16 with AIS took part. SWS measurements were taken by three operators, twice each. Average SWS was 2.3 ± 0.4 m/s, and inter-operator reproducibility was 0.2 m/s. SWS was significantly higher during apnea than in normal breathing (p < 0.01) in both groups. No significant difference was observed between groups in apnea or in normal breathing. Characterization of the intercostal muscles by ultrasound elastography is therefore feasible and reliable for children and adolescents with and without scoliosis.
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