Feasibility of Rib Kinematics and Intercostal-Space Biomechanical Characterization by Ultrasound in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The aim of this work was to determine the feasibility of combined ultrasonography and elastography measurement to characterize the mechanical properties of the intercostal space during breathing. Eighteen asymptomatic participants (ages 13 ± 2 y) and six participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) were included (Cobb angle 60° ± 12°). Ultrasonographic and elastographic clips were acquired of T8–T9 ribs and the intercostal space. The two adjacent ribs were tracked to infer the breathing cycle. Shear-wave speed (SWS) was measured in the intercostal space at different stages of the breathing cycle. SWS was symmetric in the control group, during both expiration and inspiration. In AIS, the SWS during inspiration was higher in the convex side than in the concave one (p = 0.02). Furthermore, SWS was higher during inspiration than expiration in the control group and in the AIS convex side, but not in the AIS concave side (p > 0.05). This new method combining echography and shear-wave elastography allowed measurement of the mechanical characteristics of the intercostal space at different phases of the breathing cycle and highlighted differences between the AIS and control groups. This approach opens the way to further analyses of the biomechanical characteristics of breathing in severe AIS.
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