Finite element analysis of the stump-ischial containment socket interaction: a technical note
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The role of the above-knee socket is to ensure the load transfer via the coupling of residual limb-prosthesis with minimal discomfort and without damaging the soft tissues. Modelling is a potential tool to predict socket fit prior to manufacture. However, state-of-the-art models only include the femur in soft tissues submitted to static loads neglecting the contribution of the hip joint. The hip joint is particularly challenging to model because it requires to compute the forces of muscles inserting on the residual limb. This work proposes a modelling of the hip joint including the estimation of muscular forces using a combined MusculoSKeletal (MSK)/Finite Element (FE) framework. An experimental-numerical approach was conducted on one femoral amputee subject. This allowed to i) model the hip joint and personalize muscles forces, ii) study the impact of the ischial support, and iii) evaluate the interface pressure. A reduction of the gluteus medius force from the MSK modelling was noticed when considering the ischial support. Interface pressure, predicted between 63 to 71 kPa, agreed with experimental literature data. The contribution of the hip joint is a key element of the modelling approach for the prediction of the socket interface pressure with the residual limb soft tissues.
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