On Material Removal Regimes for the Shaping of Glass Edges: Force Analysis, Surface Topography and Damage Mechanisms
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
Glass shaping, which corresponds to the removal of the edges of a specimen, is the last finishing operation in glass manufacturing. This process has several functions on the final shaped glass including removing sharp edges, improving mechanical resistance, decreasing surface damage and giving it an aesthetical aspect. This article addresses the effects of working parameters, including grinding forces and consumed power, on surface edge finishing and damage mechanism induced during glass grinding. Microscopic observations and multi-scale analysis have also been conducted to investigate the surface edge characteristics. Experimental results show three damage regimes. The first (regime I) is a partial ductile regime with cutting action accompanied by chip formation. The second (regime II) is a crushing (or fragmentation) regime. The last (regime III) is also a partial ductile regime but by ploughing action with displaced material. The shaped surface obtained in the regime II has a better roughness than that obtained in regime I and III. However, regimes I and III include streaks and form defects which are not present in regime II. Similar to metallic materials, the evolution of force components show a linear relationship between normal and tangential forces. This implicates a constant average contact pressure and friction coefficient (l) between the flat grains and the workpiece.
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