In vitro corrosion response of CoCrMo and Ti-6Al-4V orthopedic implants with Zr columnar thin films
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
This study focuses on the functionalized modification of Ti-6Al-4V and CoCrMo alloys substrates widely used by the biomedical domain as total joint replacements (TJRs) of the hip and knee. To improve the corrosion resistance of these devices, nanostructured columnar zirconium (Zr) thin films were produced by oblique angle deposition (OAD) using DC magnetron sputtering to model the particular design of the joint. The influence of the angular distribution of the incoming particle flux on the resulting film morphology (column tilt angle, porosity) and electrochemical behavior was studied by varying the substrates inclination angle θ from 15 to 90°. The experimental deposition process was reproduced by kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) models. With the increase of the flux incidence angle α from 0 to 70°, the film thickness and the column tilt angle β vary in agreement with the theoretical models. Additionally, the corrosion behavior of uncoated and Zr-coated alloys (CoCrMo and Ti-6Al-4V) was compared through open circuit potential chronopotentiometry and electrochemical polarization test in NaCl 0.9% solution at 37 °C. It was found that the corrosion protection was successfully improved by the presence of the films. The variation of the corrosion behavior with the flux incidence angle is explained by the changes in the film density.
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