Heat treatment simulation of Ti-6Al-4V parts produced by selective laser melting
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The present work focuses on the simulation of the heat treatment applied after printing of Ti-6Al-4V parts. The numerical tool aims at predicting the influence of heat treatment conditions (e.g. holding time, temperature) on the residual stress field and the distortions for SLM produced parts. The numerical model relies on a thermo-viscoplastic constitutive model. To determine the corresponding material parameters, different creep tests have been performed at temperatures ranging from 723 K to 1173 K. According to the results, the stationary creep strain rate is independent of the hydrostatic pressure, which indicates that the high temperature behavior is not impacted by the initial porosity. Also, the material parameters are observed to change significantly from 873 K, which is due to the progressive transformation of the initial a' martensitic microstructure into the a+b lamellar microstructure. To validate the proposed approach, some numerical simulations have been performed for two different parts, for which distortions have been measured. The numerical and experimental distortions have then been compared to each other. For both parts, the agreement between experimental and numerical data is correct.
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